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In Hungarian mythology the goddess Boldog Asszony is the goddess associated with birth, fertility and harvests. She has been incorporated into Hungarian Catholicism, there are 7 goddesses known to be called by a generic title Boldog Asszony. One of these is called Nagy Boldogaszony, who is also the mother of the rest of them. They are associated with the following;
  • the giver and protector of life and the family. 
  • healing and herbes
  • bountifull harvest, fruitgrafting and harvest time
  • fertility of man, animal and plants
  • selection of brides and mates for man.

There are several hollidays associated with her which also strongly link her with agriculture, such as; "gyümölcsolto"; fruit grafting on May 25th, sarlos; sicle March 25th. Her other titles are linked with families but are now unused and Szülö; birthing, which is at December 26th and is only for families. 

As the religious head of the country "Magyarország Nagyasszonya",  the great queen of Hungary was celebrated on October 17th, while Small/Young Boldogasszony day was September 8th. A few holydays are of Christian origin probably like "candle sanctifying" or " Mount Karmel" Boldogasszony days. It should be assumed that Christianity probably change the general message and form of her traditional worship from the old one.

Her day in the week was Tuesday, it was also associated with taboos against washing (clothes) and dirtying water. Even during the time of St Steven in the 11th century St Gellért who converted Hungarians to western Christianity wrote that Bodog asszony was already being associated by the church with Mary the mother of Christ, and was also called the queen of Hungary, and the world. I believe that this association of Boldog Asszony, was not done at first in central Europe but was already practiced in eastern Christianity before the resetlement to Hungary. This based on the mentioning of "Budux" by the Syrian Christian documents.

In looking for a similar goddess in the past researchers have progressed through several Near Eastern fertility goddesses like Astarte, then the Sumerian Inana, but ultimately went even further to find the old Sumerian goddess BA-Ú as the ideal equivalent of BO-DOG ASSZONY in both name and in function. 

She also seems to have links with the early preliterate MAA cults of early Anatolia, which was the source of the agricultural revolution which spread into both Europe and Central Asia, resulting in the various clay figurines of ancient fertility goddesses found in both Central Europe and Anatolia.


Women's History Magazine


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