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Women in History - Queen Anne


Sovereign Queen of Great Britain
Queen Anne was the last of the Stuart monarchs and the first sovereign of Great Britain. Born on 6 February 1665 in London, she was the second daughter of James, Duke of York, brother of Charles II.

During her early years she lived in France living with her aunt and grandmother who raised her to be a protestant, even though her father was a Catholic.  She got married in 1683, to Prince George of Denmark and although marred by Anne's frequent miscarriages, still births and the death of children in infancy, it is said by modern history sources to have been a happy marriage.

In 1685, Anne's father James gained the crown though he was overthrown in 1688 by Anne's sister Mary and her Dutch husband William of Orange. After both the king and queen died with no children in 1702, Anne became queen.

She became an important figure amongst women in history within months when the War of the Spanish Succession started. A series of victories by John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, put England in a strong negotiating position and in 1713, the Treaty of Utrecht was signed in  which, France recognised Anne's title over that of James II's Roman Catholic son, James Stuart and confirmed England's possession of Gibraltar.

On 1 May 1707, England and Scotland were united into a single kingdom and Queen Anne became the first sovereign of Great Britain. Now, one British parliament would meet at Westminster and they would unite under a common flag and coinage, however Scotland would keep its own established Church and its law and education systems.

Full article: bbc.co.uk

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